Tag Archives: History

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Marshal Hovhannes Baghramian

Marshal Ivan (Hovhannes) Khatchaduri Baghramian was born in 1897 in the village of Chartakhlu, Armenia, 1897. He was educated in Tbilisi, Georgia. In 1915, he volunteered in Russian army, fighting for the Bolsheviks and in 1921, the Sovietisation of Lori and Georgia. He was commander of the First Armenian Cavalry Brigade from 1923–31. Baghramian attended the Frunze Military Academy from 1931–1934.

During World War II, Baghramian was the first non-Slavic military officer to become a commander of a Front. He was among several Armenians in the Soviet Army who held the highest proportion of high-ranking officers in the Soviet military during the war. Baghramian’s experience in military planning as a chief of staff allowed him to distinguish himself as a capable commander in the early stages of the Soviet counter-offensives against Nazi Germany. He was given his first command of a unit in 1942, and in November 1943 received his most prestigious command as the commander of the 1st Baltic Front. As commander of the Baltic Front, he participated in the offensives which pushed German forces out of the Baltic republics.

He did not immediately join the Communist Party after the consolidation of the October Revolution, becoming a member only in 1941, a move atypical for a Soviet military officer. After the war, he served as a deputy member of the Supreme Soviets of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic and Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic and was a regular attendee of the Party Congresses. In 1952, he became a candidate for entry into the Central Committee and, in 1961, was inducted as a full member. For his contributions during the war, he was widely regarded as a national hero in the Soviet Union, and continues to hold such esteemed status among Armenians.

Mount Nemrut

The Armenian Pantheon of Gods on Mount Nemrut. Erected in 63 BC by King Antionchus I Theos of the Orontid Dynasty of the Armenian Kingdom of Kamakh (Commagene) located in the southwest of historic Armenia today in the republic of Turkey. Traditional themes of Eagles and Lions trademark to Armenian imagery and identification.

Partridge Fortress

Gakavapert (Geghi fortress)

Geghi is a medieval fort-mansion, located in the Mazaz region of the Ararat province, on the right shores of the Azat River (Ararat district). It was first mentioned by Hovhannes Draskhanakertsi (9-10cc) as a Bagratuni «clan field». In the 11c. it passed to the Pahlavuni’s and in 12-13c to the Proshyan’s. As reported by Draskhanakertsi, in 924 Geghi was attacked by the Beshir commander and was later himself beaten by Gevorg Marzpetuni. The last time Geghi was mentioned was in 1224 when, after losing the battle near Garni, Ivane Zakaryan found shelter.

The fortress was built on the top of a high mountain, making it unreachable from three sides. On the north-eastern side, there are stretched walls` 2-2.5 m wide and towers `8-10 m high. Inside the fort there are ruins of a church and other buildings.

The Geghi fortress was also mentioned by Muratsan in his historical novel «Gevorg Marzpetuni».