Armenian architects of Cilicia were great experts on fortifications and military architecture. The most outstanding example of this, according to T.S.R. Boase, an expert on Crusader buildings, is the Caste of Anamur. It had thirty-six towers, many of them in the innovative horse-shoe style. At the fortress of Lampron, Armenians designed circular openings for nocturnal signalling, sort of optical telegraphy.
Gothic architecture is a misnomer: there’s nothing Gothic about it. Three of the most prominent structural innovations of “Gothic” architecture” such as clustered columns, ribbed vaults, and pointed arches were created in Ani in the 10th century, a full century before their appearance in Europe. It’s believed that the influence of Armenian architects was transmitted to Italy and France through the Balkans and by the Crusaders.