Armenoid Race

 

The countries of the northern part of Western Asia, namely Anatolia (Turkey), Transcaucasia and Mesopotamia (Iraq) are the center of distribution [of the Armenoid Race].

Illustration of an Armenoid Syrian Armenian from The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study by William Zebina Ripley(1911)

Carleton S. Coon wrote that the Armenoid racial type is very similar to the Dinaric race. The only difference is that Armenoids have a slightly darker pigmentation, most probably due to racial mixture with the Mediterraneans (who often have olive skin) and the Alpines (who often have brown skin). He described the Armenoid as a sub-race of the Caucasoid race.

Illustration of an Armenoid Lebanese from Ripley (1911)

Armenoids were said to be found throughout Eurasia. However, the largest concentrations occurred within Asia Minor,Transcaucasia and Mesopotamia. Known as the “true” Caucasians, Armenoids were relatively tall, usually with medium to dark brown or black hair, light to medium skin colour, large round eyes that were usually brown; a round, brachycephalic head shape with a straight backing, high cheekbones and non-prominent chins. Lips were full, and noses were sometimes aquiline. Large minority of Armenoids have blond hair and blue, green, or hazel eyes. This racial type was believed to be prevalent among the Armenians, Assyrians, Georgians and Iraqis. It was also an element in Southern Europe. Armenoid was also identified as the dominant type of the indigenous Semitic groups of Syria and Mesopotamia: the ancient Amorites, the modern Assyrians, Syriacs, and Chaldeans, the religious minorities of Lebanon and Syria, and the Lebanese and Syrians of mountainous regions were all identified as being of the Armenoid type.

Renato Biasutti described the Armenoid race as having: “Opaque-white skin, brunette hair and eyes, abundant pilosity; medium stature, sturdy body build; wide head with rounded back; very long face, straight and narrow nose with high bridge; thin lips, narrow eye opening.”

It has long been believed by physical anthropologists that the quintessence of Near Eastern brachycephaly is to be found in the Armenians; the racial term Armenoid being named for them. The Armenians have long been established in the territory which is now only partly theirs; they had, before the arrival of the Turks, a powerful kingdom, which covered most of the territory between the Gulf of Alexandretta and the Caucasus
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