After the death of Alexander the Great, his general Seleuces Nicator was unable to conquer Armenia under King Yervant. Seleuces and his heirs are known for the building of nearly 70 cities, one of which was Edessa, founde in 302 BC. The city was named in honour of the Macedonian Edessa, but the original settlement was actually called Urhai or today’s Urfa in Turkey. The older name was in constant use, especially in Medieval Armenia. Taking into account the fact that the ethnic roots of the Armenians originated from the territory of ancient Mitanni, where Urhai is located, it is plausible to assume that Armenians lived in the area long before the foundation of Seleuce’s city.