Armenian Calendar

Source: http://haytomar.com/calendar.php

According to the ancient legend, the beginning of the Armenian calendar is connected with the victory of Hayk Patriarch over the Babylonian King Bel. In the Middle Ages, Ghevond Alishan pointed out that it occurred in 2492BC on the 11th of August. It is thought that this date also began the Armenian calendar, just as Christ’s birth date begins the modern one.

Though some historians are suspicious about Alishan’s accounts, traditionally the year 2492 as the 1st day of the olden calendar is left mostly undisputed. On August 11, 2007, the 4500 Year was celebrated in Armenia.

The ancient pagan calendar went out of use in Armenia after the adoption of Christianity as an official religion in the IV century. During the next centuries, it gradually slipped into oblivion. Only in the Middle Ages did Alishan and a few other scientists remember it, striving to preserve the past for future generations.

In pagan times, Armenian,s like Greeks and Roman,s named the days of the week after the sun, the moon and the five known at those times planets.

1. Aregaki – Sunday
2. Lousni – Monday
3. Hradi – Tuesday
4. Paylatsoui – Wednesday
5. Lousntagi – Thursday
6. Arousyaki – Friday
7. Yerevaki – Saturday

Concerning months, Armenians were using 13 of them like Persians and Egyptians. 12 months had 30 days each, and the 13th month could hold 5 or 6 days depending on whether it was a leap-year or not.

1. Navasard – 30 days 8. Aregi – 30 days
2. Gor – 30 days 9. Aheki – 30 days
3. Sahm – 30 days 10. Mareri – 30 days
4. Treh – 30 days 11. Margats – 30 days
5. Qaghots – 30 days 12. Hrotits – 30 days
6. Arats – 30 days 13. Avelyats – 5(6) days
7. Meheki – 30 days

It is notable that in the Armenian Calendar the days of the nth had their distinct names as well. Each day was named after the gods of the Armenian pantheon.

1. Areg 16. Mani
2. Hrand 17. Asak
3. Aram 18. Masis
4. Margar 19. Anahit
5. Ahranq 20. Aragats
6. Madegh 21. Grgor
7. Astghik 22. Kordouiq
8. Mihr 23. Tsmak
9. Dzopaber 24. Lousnak
10. Mourts 25. Tsron
11. Yerezkan 26. Npat
12. Ani 27. Vahagn
13. Parkhar 28. Sein
14. Vanat 29. Varag
15. Aramazd 30. Gisheravar

24 hours of the day also had their sepparate names.

Nighttime hours Daytime hours
1. Khavarakann 13. Aygn
2. Aghjamughjn 14. Tsaygn
3. Mtatsyaln 15. Zoratsyaln
4. Shaghavotn 16. Tscharagaytyaln
5. Kamavotn 17. Sharavighyaln
6. Bavakann 18. Yerkratesn
7. Havtapyaln 19. Shantakaln
8. Gizkan 20. Hrakatn
9. Lusatschemn 21. Hourtapyaln
10. Aravotn 22. Toghantyaln
11. Lusapayln 23. Aravarn
12. Paylatsumn 24. Arpoghn
Advertisements

One thought on “Armenian Calendar”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s